Vertigo is a type of dizziness that is often described as feeling that you are spinning or that the room is spinning around you. The most common causes for this is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), which is thought to arise due to the displacement of small crystals of calcium from the inner ear into certain canals in the ear. Those canals are highly sensitive to head movement, and if there is a crystal “stuck” in them, then the brain will receive the signlas and will think that the head is moving even if it is actually still. That is the cause of the dizziness, which can be very unpleasant, bring on nausea and even make a person fearful of moving. Different movements can trigger this condition including tilting the head, rolling over in bed, looking up or under, sudden head motion, etc.

it is important for the Physiotherapist to conduct a full assessment and diagnosis and then apply the appropriate maneuver to dislodge the crystals and “drain” the canal in order to resolve the issue and stop getting dizziness with movement.